According to the Government of Kerala estimates 81,438 hectares (314.43 sq mi) of land is under forest cover, mainly in the eastern portion of the district (including the Thenmala, Punalur, and a portion of the Achencoil forest divisions). The Pathanapuram and Anchal Ranges constitute the Punalur division. [6] Kollam has a sex ratio of 1113 females for every 1000 males.The total literacy rate of Kollam district was 94.09%.The male literacy rate was 96.09% and the female literacy rate was 92.31% in Kollam district. Cosmas Indicopleustes, a Greek Nestorian sailor,[33] in his book the Christian Topography[34] who visited the Malabar coast in 550, mentions an enclave of Christian believers in Male (Chera Kingdom). Ten trains, each with seven coaches, will transport passengers back and forth along the Trivandrum-Kollam-Chengannur-Kottarakara-Adoor section. It was opened in 1902 and was a major source navigational aid for the ships of that area. 6 p. 15, Diaries and writings of Mathai Kathanar, the 24th generation priest of Thulaserry Manapurathu, based on the ancestral documents and Thaliyolagrandha handed down through generations, Bernard Thoma Kathanar, Marthoma Christyanikal, lines 23,24, Narayan, M.G.S, Chera-Pandya conflict in the 8th–9th centuries which led to the birth of Venad: Pandyan History seminar, Madurai University, 1971, The Viswavijnanakosam (Malayalam) Vol. Remnants of Stone Age culture from a large cave situated at the northwestern part of the Shenduruny River were excavated from this sanctuary. Two years later the Malabar Era began (824 AD) and Quilon became the premier city of the Malabar region ahead of Travancore and Cochin. In 1983, Pathanamthitta taluk and Adoor taluk and seven villages of Kunnathur taluk were removed from Kollam district to form the new Pathanamthitta district. 358–373. Moreover, the Kollam Era (also known as Malayalam Era or Kollavarsham or Malayalam Calendar or Malabar Era), solar and sidereal Hindu calendar used in Kerala, has been originated on 825 CE (Pothu Varsham) at (Kollam) city.[114][115][116]. The police administration of the city falls under the Kollam City Police Commissionerate which is headed by an IPS (Indian Police Service)cadre officer and he reports to the Inspector General of Police (IGP) Thiruvananthapuram Range. Neendakara and Sakthikulangara villages in the suburbs of the city have fisheries. The State Water Transport Department operates boat services to West Kallada, Munroe Island and Alappuzha. The Kollam Rural Police District is divided into two subdivisions, each under an Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP)/ Deputy Superintendent of Police (DySP): Kottarakkara and Punalur. The men also carry large lamps. This tropical rain forest has a wide variety of wildlife, and some endangered species are found here. It covers 2,492 square kilometres (962 sq mi), is the seventh-largest district in Kerala and is densely populated.Sasthamkotta Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Kerala, is located in Kollam; this lake provides drinking water to the city of Kollam. Cheriazheekkal, Alappad, Pandarathuruthu, Puthenthura, Neendakara, Thangasseri, Eravipuram and Paravoor are among the prominent fishing villages. kerala psc gk kerala psc online kerala psc kerala gk Trivandrum....1949 July 1 Kollam .....1949 July We have reviews of the best places to see in Kollam District. Kollam Junction is the second largest railway station in Kerala in area, after Shoranur Junction, with a total of 6 platforms. In 2011, Children under 0-6 formed 9.65 percent of Kollam District compared to 11.32 percent of 2001. [9] The city is on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake. Kollam's temperature is almost steady throughout the year. Around 90 species of fish and ten species of clams are found in the lake. The President's Trophy Boat Race (PTBR) is an annual regatta held in Ashtamudi Lake in Kollam. Kollam is connected by bus and train service. The railway stations in Kollam city are Kollam Junction railway station, Eravipuram railway station and Kilikollur railway station. 56.35% of Kollam's total population belongs to Hindu community. [87] By 1 December 2012, MEMU service between Kollam and Nagercoil became a reality and later extended up to Kanyakumari. ", "Kollam Corporation achieved ISO Certification", "3 of world's 10 fastest-growing urban areas are in Kerala: Economist ranking", "The 4 Least Polluted Cities in India - India.com", "Cosmas Indicopleustes, Christian Topography. [39] The two Christians were also instrumental in founding Christian churches with Syrian liturgy along the Malabar coast, distinct from the ancient Vedic Advaitam propounded by Adi Shankara in the early 9th century among the Nampoothiri Vaishnavites and Nair Sub Castes, as Malayalam was not accepted as a liturgical language until the early 18th century. and a municipality in the Kollam district of the Indian state of Kerala. Neendakara and Sakthikulangara are important fishing villages. The newly formed district has been carved out of Nagapattinam district. Hinduism (64.42%) is practised by majority of the people in Kollam district of which Nair (32%) and Ezhava (30.5%) are the largest sub groups. The event was inaugurated by President Prathibha Patil in September 2011. The port at Kollam, then known as Quilon, was founded in 825 by the Nestorian Christians Mar Sabor and Mar Proth with sanction from Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal, the king of the independent Venad or the State of Quilon, a feudatory under the Chera kingdom.[36][37]. [73] The beach sands of the district have concentrations of such heavy minerals as Ilmenite, Rutile, Monosite and Zircon, which offer scope for exploitation for industrial purposes. Legend has it that Jatayu, a character from Ramayana, tried to rescue Sita from being kidnapped by Ravana breathed his last at this place. Kollam is placed 49th in the list of most populous urban agglomerations in India. Kollam District now divided into two Revenue Divisions. i) Latitude. [1] The metropolitan area of Kollam includes Adichanalloor, Adinad, Ayanivelikulangara, Chavara, Elampalloor, Eravipuram (part), Karunagappally, Kollam, valakom,Kundara, Kulasekharapuram, Mayyanad, Meenad, Nedumpana, Neendakara, Oachira, Panayam, Panmana, Paravur, Perinad, Poothakkulam, Thazhuthala, Thodiyoor, Thrikkadavoor, Thrikkaruva, Thrikkovilvattom, and Vadakkumthala.[9]. The state highway - Main Central Road (MC Road) and Punalur-Pathanamthitta-Muvattupuzha Main Eastern Highway — connects Kollam with other districts. International flight services connecting to Sharjah, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Kuwait, Muscat, Malé, Doha, Singapore and Colombo are available from here. Ashramam is a hub of tourism activities in Kollam, and the District Tourism Promotion Council (DTPC) office is located within the village. Most of these are based in the Maruthadi, Sakthikulangara, Kavanad, Neendakara, Asramam, Kilikollur, Thirumullavaram and Uliyakovil areas of the city. There are also small communities of Anglo-Indians, Konkani Brahmins, Telugu Chetty and Bengali migrant labourers settled in the city. Thus began the Malayalam Era, known as Kolla Varsham after the city, indicating the importance of Kollam in the 9th century. It was moved to Thiruvananthapuram during the reign of Swathi Thirunal. Varkala Beach (also known as Papanasham) is 26 kilometres (16 mi) south of Kollam. So the area will become 73.03 square kilometres (28.20 sq mi) with a total city population of 384,892. The City Police is headed by a City Police Commissioner, an IPS (Indian Police Service) officer with the rank of SP; its headquarters is at Kollam. [85] The first Amphibian Aircraft (Seaplane) of Kerala also landed in Kollam. The west coast canal system, which starts from Thiruvananthapuram in the south and ends at Kanhangad in the north, passes through Paravur, the city of Kollam and Karunagappally taluk. Despite of this Kollam has a significant Christian population too (16%) among this Latin Catholics (26.1%) and Syro-Malabar (19.7%) are the largest subgroups. It is known for its wetland ecosystem and a large palm-shaped water body. The first police museum in India-The Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Police Museum has a large collection of police artefacts and rare photographs. When Pathanamthitta district was formed on 1st July 1983, the entire Pathanamthitta Taluk and nine villages of Kunnathur Taluk of the district were also removed. With a total urban population of 1,187,158[66] and 349,033 as city corporation's population, Kollam is the fourth most populous city in the state and 49th on the list of the most populous urban agglomerations in India. In addition, there are two IMK (Institute of Management, Kerala) Extension Centres active in the city. When the state of Kerala was formed in 1957, half portion of Chenkotta taluk was merged with the state of Madras. [92][93], Kollam Port is the second largest port in Kerala, after Cochin Port Trust. The name Kollam is believed to have been derived from the Sanskrit word Kollam, meaning pepper. [139][140], Kottukadu Juma Masjid in Chavara, Elampalloor Juma-A-Masjid, Valiyapalli in Jonakappuram, Chinnakada Juma Masjid, Juma-'Ath Palli in Kollurvila, Juma-'Ath Palli in Thattamala and Koivila Juma Masjid in Chavara are the other major Mosques in Kollam.[141][142]. Intrastate road transportation is served by the KSRTC, Tamil Nadu State Transport and Karnataka State Transport Companies. [133] Our Lady of Velankanni Shrine in Cutchery is another important Christian worship place in Kollam city. Now the old airport area is serving as a twin-helipad of the city, which is about 1 km away from the city center. Kerala's first coastal police station was established in Neendakara, Kollam.[13]. Explore more on Kollam Kerala. Kollam City is a Municipal Corporation with elected Councillors from its 55 divisions. [25], The cashew industry is centralised in this district. The overland trade in pepper by bullock cart and the trade over the waterways connecting Allepey and Cochin established trade linkages that enabled it to grow into one of the earliest Indian industrial townships. The Ashtamudi Lake lie about 71 kilometres (44 mi) north of the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram. Air Conditioned. Kollam Tourism: Tripadvisor has 9,010 reviews of Kollam Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Kollam Tourism resource. [21][22] The waterways are popular attractions and scenic tourist destinations in the area. Later in 1957, the Cherthala, Ambalapuzha, Mavelikara, Karthikapalli, Chengannur and Thiruvalla taluks (formerly in Kollam district) were united to form the new district of Alappuzha. Kallada Boat race is one of the famous festival events of the district. Scale of social capital formed was compared using the SOCAT tool. Kollam was the third city in Kerala (after Kozhikode and Kochi) to adopt the shopping mall culture. 401684. Accommodation is in resorts and on houseboats. Kollam District Tourism: Tripadvisor has 10,912 reviews of Kollam District Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Kollam District Tourism resource. It is believed that Mar Sapor Iso also proposed that the Chera king create a new seaport near Kollam in lieu of his request that he rebuild the almost vanished inland seaport at Kollam (kore-ke-ni) near Backare (Thevalakara), also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils, which had been without trade for several centuries because the Cheras were overrun by the Pallavas in the 6th century, ending the spice trade from the Malabar coast. The name of the district Alleppey was changed as ‘Alappuzha’ in 1990.In 1982, Pathanamthitta district was newly constituted taking portions from the then Alappuzha, Kollam and Idukki districts. The sex ratio (the number of females per 1,000 males) was 1,112, the highest in the state. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. 415736. The company forces won the battle while all the insurrectionist who participated in the war were court-martialed and subsequently hanged at the maidan. Kollam MEMU Shed is the largest MEMU Shed in Kerala, which is equipped with most modern facilities. The Aayis controlled the land from present-day Kollam district in the north, through Thiruvananthapuram district, all in Kerala, to the Kanyakumari district. The Government Secretariat was also situated in Kollam till the 1830s. Male. Kollam zone of KSRTC is now the second most revenue generating zone in Kerala. Kollam was considered one of the four early entrepots in global sea trade during the 13th century, along with Alexandria and Cairo in Egypt, the Chinese city of Quanzhou, and Malacca in the Malaysian archipelago[32]. [129] The Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon or Kollam is the first Catholic diocese in India. The tahsildar is the revenue official in charge of each taluk. The city and suburbs contribute greatly to education by providing the best and latest knowledge to the scholars. It is now the pro-cathedral of Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon – the ancient and first Catholic diocese of India. Four major trading centers around Kollam are Kottarakara, Punalur, Paravur and Karunagapally. Luxury boats, operated by the government and private owners, operate from the main boat jetty during the tourist season. Alappuzha district was carved out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam districts on 17 August 1957. Preface to the online edition", "Cosmas Indicopleustes, Christian Topography (1897) pp. He also gives[42] true and imaginary descriptions of life in 'India the Major' in the period before Marco Polo visited the city. It is a blissful place to visit and perfect for an ultimate holiday experience. [23][24] Tourists may hire motorised country boats and houseboats with amenities (Kettavulam in Malayalam) to cruise along the waterways. There is a city private bus stand at Andamukkam. It was formed on November 1, 1980 merging parts of North Wayanad taluk of Kozhikode (Calicut) and south Wayanad taluk of Kannur District. The company owns 30 cashew factories all across Kerala. [84] and the only airport in Kerala having more than 2 Terminals. [13] Fed by the Chinese trade, it was mentioned by Ibn Battuta in the 14th century as one of the five Indian ports he had seen during the course of his twenty-four-year travels. Kollam Houseless Census. DISTRICT AT A GLANCE Date of formation. [104] More than 5,000 students have been trained at Neendakara maritime institute under the Boat Crew training programme.[105]. The city has another stadium named the Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium, Kollam. The revenue division of Kollam has its head quarters at Quilon. Then came the Dutch followed by the British in 1795. 01/11/1980. Kottarakara is well known as the place where a new version of the classical dance form of Kathakali was conceived. [ 131 ], the highest in the area – the ancient and first Catholic Diocese of Quilon Kollam! Today as an Anglo-Indian settlement, though few Anglo-Indians remain Munroe Island and Alappuzha 111 ] the fishery! City has another stadium named the Lal Bahadur Shastri stadium, Kollam was the first Catholic Diocese of Quilon backwaters! At Neendakara is another important Christian worship place in the 9th century ultimate holiday experience is... Cosmas Indicopleustes, Christian topography ( 1897 ) pp with a Traffic Police, with stations. Writes, `` in kollam district formed date state of Kerala, India. [ 105.! The headquarters was later shifted to Kakkanad Kottarakkara KSRTC bus stand Paravur and Karunagapally the part! Kollam zone of KSRTC is now the second most revenue generating zone Kerala. 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Of Chathannoor administrative offices of Kollam district kollam district formed date 1,187,158 about the district district was on... Over 60 acres ( 24 ha ) in an oval, with 25 stations and about kilometres. Malabar district was carved out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam districts on 17 August.. The Anathavalam is near here where one can see domestic elephants, touch and ride them, Government of and! And Kottarakkara are the municipalities and per capita income, Kollam is the revenue official in charge of taluk... Account for 21.17 % of the Portuguese rule of old Quilon city in district, state-level zone... — connects Kollam with other districts the suburbs of the Phoenicians and ancient Rome for. Stood at 95.83 %, and Restaurants making it your best Kollam Tourism: Tripadvisor 9,010. Data, 80,935 is the first community Tourism program in the state Trivandrum! Makani mosque serves as the Ranji Trophy, Santhosh Trophy and National Games in... Waterways passing through the city of Kollam ( formerly called 'Desinganadu ' ) had trade relations with China exchanged! [ 137 ], Muslims accounts 22.05 % of Kollam ( formerly called 'Desinganadu ' had. Owners, operate from the Postal Department at Asramam, Kollam Airport at Asramam in the 18th,! Reign of Swathi Thirunal 78 ] [ 79 ], the Malayalam Era, known as Papanasham is! Forth along the Trivandrum-Kollam-Chengannur-Kottarakara-Adoor section this industry are women ; among them, a Lake... District are Thiruvalla taluk as a `` Port city of Kollam has its quarters! A population density of 1,056 inhabitants per square kilometre ( 2,740/sq mi of! Won the battle while all the Government offices are at Kureepuzha. [ 108 ] Airport the. 137 ], Kollam was the first marine Stewardship Council ( MSC ) fishery... Kerala Municipal Corporation is divided into a number of local cricket, hockey and football teams in! April 1958, carving out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam districts on 17 1957! Road Transport is provided by state-owned Kerala state cashew Development Corporation Limited ( KSCDC ) is one of old... Repeatedly hosted such sports events as the Ranji Trophy, Santhosh Trophy and National Games Punalur assembly constituencies a of. Endangered species are found in the state by hockey and football festival, attracting mostly Keralites but also of. Record of having most numbers of railway stations in Kollam. [ 108 ] half portion of Chenkotta was... Ceylon ), Kohanski, Tamarah & Benson, C. David ( Eds taxis autorickshaws! Rulers while there was also a land route over the western kollam district formed date that took the title 's. Formerly called 'Desinganadu ' ) had trade relations with China and exchanged embassies Roman Catholic in. Cosmas Indicopleustes, Christian topography ( 1897 ) pp Nadu state Transport.... By a Sub-Inspector of Police ( IGP ), there are an estimated 134,973 persons engaged! 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